pug n : small compact smooth-coated breed of Asiatic origin having a tightly curled tail and broad flat wrinkled muzzle [syn: pug-dog] [also: pugging, pugged]
- pŭg, /pʌɡ/, /pVg/
- A small dog of an ancient breed originating in China, having a snub nose, wrinkled face, squarish body, short smooth hair, and curled tail.
The Pug is a toy dog breed with a wrinkly face and medium-small body. The breed is often summarized as multum in parvo ("much in little"), describing the Pug's personality and small size. Pug puppies are often called puglets.
Their fine, glossy coats can be apricot, fawn, silver or black. All dogs tend to either die or are euthanised within a few months after the onset of clinical signs, which usually occur anywhere from 6 months to 3 years of age.
Pugs, along with other brachycephalic dogs (e.g. boxers, bulldogs), are also prone to hemivertebrae. The screwtail is an example of a hemivertebrae, but when it occurs in others areas of the spine it can be devastating, causing such severe paralysis that euthanasia is a serious recommendation.
The Pug, like other short-snouted breeds, has an elongated palate. When excited, they are prone to a "reverse sneeze" where the dog will quickly, and seemingly laboriously, gasp and snort. This is caused by fluid or debris getting caught under the palate and irritating the throat or limiting breathing. "Reverse sneezing" episodes are not harmful to the Pug but are usually resolved by the owner calming the dog and gently rubbing the throat to induce a swallowing action; the symptom may also resolve itself without intervention. Owners typically recognise this phenomenon as a pathological symptom rather than as an endearing behavioral pattern.
As with all small breeds, some problems may arise in pregnancy and during birth. The most common problems include the need for a Caesarian section birth and new mothers being disinterested in the puppies, sometimes accompanied by the mother not opening the birth sac.
As Pugs have many wrinkles in their faces, owners normally take special care to clean inside the creases, as irritation and infection can result from improper care..
Pugs are one of several breeds that are more susceptible to Demodectic mange, also known as Demodex. This condition is caused by a weakened immune system, and it is a minor problem for many young Pugs. It is easily treatable, however, some Pugs are especially susceptible to the condition, and will present with a systemic form of the condition. This vulnerability is thought to be genetic, and good breeders will avoid breeding dogs who have had this condition. in East China, they were known as "Lo-Chiang-Sze" or "Foo" (ceramic foos, transmogrified into dragon, with their bulging eyes are very Pug-like). The Pug's popularity spread to Tibet, where they were mainly kept by monks, and then went onto Japan, and finally Europe. A Pug also travelled with William III and Mary II when they left the Netherlands to ascend to the throne of England in 1688.
The English painter William Hogarth owned a series of Pugs, to which he was devoted. In 1745 he painted his self-portrait together with that of his Pug, Trump, now in the Tate Gallery, London.
In nineteenth century England, Pugs flourished under the patronage of the monarch Queen Victoria. Her many Pugs, which she bred herself, included Olga, Pedro, Minka, Fatima and Venus. The piece satirized Pugs and Pug breeders by speaking of the dog and its characteristics as a faulty product, "evidenced" by a fictional quote from the American Pug Breeders Association director, "While pug owners are accustomed to dog malfunction, the latest animals are prone to more problems than just the usual joint failures, overheating, seizures, chronic respiratory defects, and inability to breed without assistance. The latest model Pug is simply not in any way a viable dog."
Pugs have also held their own as featured players in many films and television shows.
- Jonathan Ross amongst his five dogs has a pug called Pickle or Mr Pickle
- Otis from The Adventures of Milo and Otis
- Odie the Talking Pug - First appearing on David Letterman's "Stupid Pet Tricks" Odie went on to win America Online's Top T.V. Moment of the Year in 2004.
- Frank from Men in Black and Men in Black II
- Weenie, from Kay Thompson's Eloise book series
- Shakespug is a friend of Satchel Pooch, a main character in the comic strip Get Fuzzy.
- Mr. Pickle, BBC-presenter Jonathan Ross's Pug, seen in his talk show Friday Night with Jonathan Ross.
- Ethel Skinner, a now deceased character in the British soap opera EastEnders, had a pug called Willy.
- Ralph, Don Burke's dog In the long running channel 9 show, was a Pug and a frequent guest of the show.
- Percy Pug from Pocahontas and Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World.
- Bean from The Clique (novel) series.
- Tori Spelling's pug Mimi LaRue.
- Frank Iero, Guitarist of My Chemical Romance owns one
- Lloyd from Norbit
- Heidi Range from the Sugababes has a pug called Buddy.
- Marie Antoinette had a pug named Mops.
- Molly Moon, the main character in the series by Georgia Byng has a pug named Petula, whom she keeps with her at all times.
- Lady Bertram, a character in Jane Austen's novel Mansfield Park, had a female pug called Pug.
- Pakkun (パックン, Pakkun?) from Naruto.
- Rich Perez in Las Vegas & creator of "Best Damn Sports Show Period" has two black pugs named Mac, the male and Zoey, the female.
- In the American Kennel Club(AKC) a double curl is considered perfection for a pugs tail.
- The Bedford CA van of the 1950s and 60's is commonly referred to as pug-nosed, because its frontal appearance is reminiscent of a pugs face.
- Pug dogs appeared as royalty pets in the movie Dune and the 2000 SciFi Dune miniseries
- Pug appears in many of the Hutch (An Indian cellphone company acquired by Vodafone) commercials.
- A pug appears in U.S. commercials for the allergy/asthma medication Advair.
- President Walken owns a pug, Bess, on The West Wing.
- Monroe, in The Life and Times of Juniper Lee.
- Rock band Menomena claims to be managed by a black female pug named
- Alfred and Rex from Unlovable
pug in Czech: Mops
pug in Danish: Mops
pug in German: Mops (Hund)
pug in Spanish: Pug (Carlino o Mastín Holandés)
pug in Esperanto: Mopso
pug in French: Carlin
pug in Indonesian: Pug
pug in Italian: Carlino (cane)
pug in Hebrew: פאג
pug in Lithuanian: Mopsas
pug in Hungarian: Mopsz
pug in Dutch: Mopshond
pug in Japanese: パグ
pug in Norwegian: Mops
pug in Polish: Mops
pug in Portuguese: Pug
pug in Russian: Мопс
pug in Slovak: Mops
pug in Slovenian: Mops
pug in Finnish: Mopsi
pug in Swedish: Mops
pug in Thai: ปั๊ก
pug in Turkish: Pug
pug in Chinese: 巴哥犬
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